The Congregation of the Sisters of St. Dominic was founded by the Venerable Servant of God, Mother Kolumba Bialecka in 1861 in Tarnobrzeg-Wielowieś, Poland. However, we can safely state that the history of the Congregation was initiated much earlier.
The sign of vitality of a tree is the fact that it develops, puts forth new shoots, buds, branches, blooms and later bears fruit. This statement comes to mind when we look at the history of our Congregation. The Dominican “root” began to grow from the thirteenth century. During that time, St. Dominic lived and worked in the Church. He was not only “the Spanish saint,” as he was born in Spain; he, also, was very “European,” as he witnessed the poverty of Europe during the thirteenth century. During this time, he came to realize people were in great turmoil due to misunderstanding faith and this he could not justifiably pass by unconcerned.
His compassion for people, struggling as if sheep without a shepherd, inspired him to go out and preach the Truth. His lifestyle, evangelical beliefs and apostolic zeal quickly drew others who, also, wanted to live similarly. The Order of Preachers, known today as the Dominicans was gradually formed. That was the beginning, as if planting in the Church, “the tree of the Dominican community.” Sign of vitality of the Dominican tree was the fact that in the nineteenth century, precisely in 1861, within the Polish Church, for the purposes of a divisionally torn homeland, was founded the Congregation of Sisters of St. Dominic by Mother Kolumba Bialecka. Since the beginning of the existence of the Congregation, Sisters have lived this spirituality of St. Dominic, taking on the task of proclaiming the Truth of the Gospel to those most needy.
Mother Kolumba’s spiritual daughters carried on the mission entrusted to them by their Foundress and spread their ministry of Christian education, care of the sick and elderly and assistance to the poor throughout the world.
Those who knew her were convinced of her holiness, but historical and social conditions have made it such as to postpone most of the beatification process. Not until December 20, 2004, was the Decree of the heroic Virtues of the Venerable Servant of God, Mother Kolumba Białecka, announced in the Vatican in the presence of Pope John Paul II.
The vocation to live the Eucharist, which was contained in a diary, is the most important message that Mother Kolumba Bialecka conveyed to both her spiritual daughters and all those who want to explore the range of her writings.